тгреадс сва 3 1025 мемберс керел 6636 тропгыес
Обо всем этом поется в колядках, известных далеко еще до начала христианских времен на Украине это проявляется и в обычных обрядах, как вот: двенадцать поленьев, двенадцать святочерних блюд, призывы на ужин мороза, волка, черной бури и злых ветров, дедушек на углу, сено на столе. Все эти движения, действия и слова, на первый взгляд не имеющие никакого значения в жизни человека, веют на сердце каждого из нас волшебством родной стихии и являются для души живущим бальзамом, наполняющим его могучей силой.
From the beginning, these groups were all male, given that this ritual involves contact with death. Accordingly, women did not participate in it. We can already see how children and women carol. In fact, only men could do it. But, considering that this holiday is combined with the sun, the groups could not walk around the village chaotically. They followed the sun, and if it was a mountainous area, for example, the Carpathians, then they walked from below in a circle, climbing and going around each house. If the carolers did not enter a house, it means that a dead person's foot could be there, and this was a bad sign and they were very offended.
A week after Christmas Eve, on December 31 (January 13), the Generous Evening was celebrated (the day of the Christian saint Reverend Melania). This day was also called Melanka. According to tradition, the celebration was accompanied by going round the houses to wish people happiness, health and well-being in the New Year. They were also generous with theatrical groups: "Melanka" and "Vasyl" and "Ryazheni". If you compare Christmas carols and Christmas carols ("Chedryk, Chedryk, Chedryvochka, a swallow has flown in"), then the swallows, spring, sowing of rye are mentioned in the carols. This indicates that the ancient Slavs celebrated the beginning of the New Year in the spring.