н75682 23 м02859 RU к02189 гтмл

н75682 23 м02859 RU к02189 гтмл

 

Carols and Christmas carols were extremely popular ritual songs among the people. Carols are sung from December 25 to January 7. They were timed to Christmas. And donations - before the New Year (according to the old style - January 14).
Christmas carols are the oldest folklore genre. They preserve the memory of the old tribal era and are associated with the winter turning of the sun into summer, which was called the holiday of Kolyada. It was celebrated on December 25 (old style), when the night was the longest. Nature seemed to freeze at this time. It was believed that the sun was eaten by the evil Korochun - a dark Slavic deity. The goddess of the sky Kolyada was giving birth to a new sun, a little Bozhich.

After they sat down at the table, the father would throw a corner to the ceiling, watching how many grains of wheat would stick to that ceiling. That is, the more wheat sticks, the more abundance there will be. Then, everyone had to eat three spoons of kuti - for the apiary, for the chickens to be born, for the grain to be abundant.

Не следует путать колядки (народные песни) и коляды (песни религиозного (церковного) содержания) — приурочены к одному из самых главных христианских праздников — Рождеству Христову. Появились колядки, в которых архаические мотивы и образы переплетались с библейскими (рождение, жизнь, мучения, смерть и воскресение Христа).


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