тгреадс распродазга джкн3 еглектроннажа форма 229 тгреадс распродазга джкн3 еглектроннажа форма 229

тгреадс распродазга джкн3 еглектроннажа форма 229 тгреадс распродазга джкн3 еглектроннажа форма 229

 

When a Christmas tree appeared in homes A long time ago, many peoples of the world worshiped trees. Especially among the southern Slavs, Christmas was necessarily accompanied by a "podniak" - a log, in which the owner solemnly, with all the sacrifices - asked for forgiveness for having to cut down this tree, sprinkled this stump with grain, smeared it with dough, and then brought it to the house, where he was ceremoniously burned. These moments probably initiated the later use of the Christmas tree. So, gradually we come to today's ritual - the use of a Christmas tree.

Очень популярными обрядовыми песнями были в народе колядки и щедривки. Колядки поют с 25 декабря по 7 января. Они приурочились к Рождеству. А щедривки – к Новому году (по старому стилю –14 января).
Колядки – самый древний фольклорный жанр. Они хранят в себе память старого родоплеменного времени и связаны с зимним поворотом солнца на лето, которое называли праздником Коляды. Праздновали его 25 декабря (по старому стилю), когда ночь была самой длинной. Природа в это время замирала. Считалось, что солнце съедал злой Корочун – темное славянское божество. Богиня неба Коляда рожала новое солнце-маленького Божича.

"Shedryvky" are ritual songs performed on a generous evening, the evening on the eve of the new year. They usually began with the words of greeting: "Generous evening, good evening." In the distant past, this type of song differed from other holiday songs, today it differs in that it is sung in Ukraine and in Ukrainian-speaking villages of the region. At the time when we now celebrate Christmas, once upon a time, even before Christianity, in Ukraine there was a holiday of the winter solstice. It was the time of divination for the coming year; and that is why we still have a whole series of pre-Christian elements in Christmas customs, whose purpose was to call for a good harvest in the following year, wealth and prosperity in the house of the master, lucky catches for the hunter, a wedding for a girl and a happy journey for a young man - a prince's wife or the prince himself. All the natural forces of nature are appeased and called upon not to harm people and livestock.


5
6