ыд %D1%88%D0%BE%D1%83 %D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%87 б90681 гтмл

ыд %D1%88%D0%BE%D1%83 %D0%B3%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8%D1%87 б90681 гтмл

 

Елка не была приемлема для Украины в течение довольно долгого времени. Еще с тотемных времен верили, что некоторые животные или растения, деревья имеют генетическую связь с родом. Потому и поклонялись животным и деревьям. А елка и сосна, как вечнозеленые деревья, символизировали бессмертие, и поэтому у нас принято сажать сосну на могилу, потому что она как будто имеет связь с потусторонним миром с одной стороны, а с другой – воскресение – символом бессмертия, символом вечной жизни. "Подняк", как правило, это было плодовое дерево. А у скандинавских народов был дуб.

One figure could represent death. Her face was smeared with flour, teeth were inserted from turnips, she was wrapped in a sheet, she was a silent figure. And no one wanted to play just this figure. And she was chosen by lot. She was completely static - she was started, put on the bench and she did not have to do anything. In addition, there were "other" categories in relation to the sacred world. For example, a blacksmith. Blacksmithing has long been considered a very sacred profession.

The group of winter calendar songs consists of carols and Christmas songs. These are majestic songs of Ukrainian farmers, related to the Proto-Slavic cult of the Sun. The ancestors of Ukrainians celebrated three phases of the sun - spring equinox, summer and winter solstice. The New Year began for the ancient Slavs from the vernal equinox (as, after all, in other European nations). Only later, the celebration of the beginning of the new year was moved to the time of the winter solstice (somewhere from the 14th century). There is a hypothesis that the very name of the holiday - "carol" - and the songs - "carols" comes from the name of the New Year in Ancient Rome (Calendae lanuarie), which indicates close contacts of Ukrainian-Slavic culture with Greco-Roman in pre-Christian times. In Ukrainian folklore, a peculiar "memory" of the spring New Year's ritual is the spring theme of many carols and Christmas carols. For example, F. Koless believes that the authentic name of the winter majestic songs in Ukrainian territory was actually "carols". Already in the 19th century, significant differences between carols and Christmas carols in terms of subject matter actually disappeared (V. Hnatiuk).


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